Many people think that antibiotic resistance is only a problem for people who abuse antibiotic prescriptions, but it's not true. When people don't take antibiotics properly, the health of the entire public is at risk. Even if you haven't taken antibiotics for a long time, an infection caused by resistant bacteria may be more difficult to treat.
When exposed to an antibiotic, bacteria generally have two options -
As a result, instead of wiping out the infection altogether, the antibiotic kills only the weaker, non-resistant organisms and leaves their tougher counterparts to multiply and spread the genes that ensured their survival to begin with. Resistance develops over time as new generations of bacteria become stronger - a problem only made worse by the abuse, misuse and overuse of antibiotics.